Washington, D.C. – The COVID-19 Coronavirus pandemic and related restrictions within the spring of 2020, akin to stay-at-home orders, led to a drastic drop in U.S. street journey and a pointy enhance within the quantity of people that selected to remain house all day.
Whereas the dramatic change in visitors patterns was extensively famous final yr, new analysis from the AAA Basis for Visitors Security’s New American Driving Survey (2020) supplies compelling month-by-month knowledge that examines the kinds of journeys and the traits of the individuals who altered their driving habits.
In keeping with the analysis, the common variety of all each day private automotive journeys plunged 45% in April 2020 and 40% for journeys by all modes of transportation mixed. The dip in journey moderated later within the yr however remained under 2019 ranges.
“The COVID-19 pandemic has had a profound affect on our commute habits and patterns in the USA,” stated Dr. David Yang, government director of the AAA Basis for Visitors Security. “Findings primarily based on our survey knowledge supplied some contextual info to grasp higher how this unlucky occasion has affected the best way we journey.”
Each day journeys for all modes of transportation fell from a median of three.7 journeys per day in 2019 (dotted line under) to 2.2 journeys in April 2020, earlier than barely recovering. After abruptly lowering in April 2020, each day journeys by U.S. residents rebounded considerably in Could and June after which remained at roughly 20%–25% under their 2019 ranges throughout the second half of 2020.
Imply Each day Variety of Journeys Made by U.S. Residents Aged 16+, by Month, July 2019–December 2020.
The survey outcomes present that early within the pandemic, reductions in journey have been most substantial amongst teenagers and younger adults (ages 16–24) and amongst these ages 65 and older. However later in 2020, reductions in journey have been extra uniform throughout numerous age teams.
Different key findings:
- Each day Automobile journeys: (as a driver or passenger) fell from 3.2 pre-pandemic to 1.8 in April 2020, earlier than rebounding barely to 2.6 journeys for the remainder of the time interval.
- All journey by any mode: Each day journeys in April 2020 by folks dwelling in city areas dropped 42%, versus 25% for his or her rural counterparts, earlier than leveling off to a 20%-30% discount in each teams for the remainder of the survey interval.
- Journey by transit, taxi, or rideshare: The proportion of people that reported making any journeys by transit, taxi, or rideshare plummeted from 5.5% pre-pandemic to 1.7% in April of 2020, earlier than leveling off at roughly 2.4% for the rest of the yr.
- Commuter Journey: Work-related journey by all transportation modes dropped by 40% in April 2020, seemingly reflecting a mixture of layoffs, job losses, and telecommuting. Commuting journeys made by employees on days after they labored decreased by roughly 22% relative to pre-pandemic ranges as properly. Within the following months, commuting journeys returned to roughly 26% under pre-pandemic ranges among the many inhabitants as a complete, seemingly on account of will increase within the proportion of People who have been working. Commuting remained roughly 25% under pre-pandemic ranges amongst employees on days after they labored, indicative of continued widespread telecommuting.
- Staying At Residence: The proportion of the inhabitants who remained in the identical place all day fluctuated between 9% and 14% earlier than the pandemic however elevated to 26% in April 2020, earlier than stabilizing at ranges barely increased than these earlier than the pandemic for the rest of the yr. The proportion of respondents who stayed in the identical place all day quadrupled amongst these with the very best ranges of training (from 5% within the second half of 2019 to 21% in April 2020), whereas it doubled (from 15% to 30%) amongst those that didn’t attend faculty.
- Marital Standing: The proportion of married folks staying house practically tripled from 8% in 2019 to 22% in April 2020, versus 12% and 29% for single folks. The numbers for each teams remained elevated over pre-pandemic ranges for the rest of the yr.
Regardless of fewer vehicles on the street and extra folks staying house, the Nationwide Freeway Visitors Security Administration (NHTSA) recently estimated that 38,680 folks died in motorcar visitors crashes in 2020 — the biggest projected variety of fatalities since 2007. It is a rise of about 7.2 p.c over 2019.
“It’s counterintuitive to see the speed of visitors deaths spike when so many people have been driving much less usually,” stated Jake Nelson, AAA’s director of visitors security advocacy. “Because the U.S. climbs out of the COVID-19 pandemic, freeway security officers might want to double down on curbing rushing, substance-impaired driving, and failure to buckle up.”
This examine examined knowledge from the AAA Basis’s New American Driving Survey (New ADS), which surveys a consultant pattern of U.S. residents ages 16 years or older to gather detailed details about the entire journey they did on the day earlier than the interview.
The present examine examines the imply each day variety of journeys made by U.S. residents every month amongst 7,873 respondents who have been interviewed between July 1st, 2019 (begin of information assortment for the New ADS) and December thirty first, 2020. Within the New ADS, a journey refers to any journey from one place to a different.
Concerning the AAA Basis for Visitors Security
Established in 1947 by AAA, the AAA Basis for Visitors Security is a nonprofit, publicly funded, 501(c)(3) charitable analysis and academic group. The AAA Basis’s mission is to forestall visitors deaths and accidents by researching their causes and by educating the general public about methods to forestall crashes and scale back accidents after they do happen.
This analysis develops instructional supplies for drivers, pedestrians, bicyclists, and different street customers.
AAA supplies greater than 62 million members with automotive, journey, insurance coverage, and monetary companies by way of its federation of 30 motor golf equipment and greater than 1,000 department places of work throughout North America. Since 1902, the not-for-profit, absolutely tax-paying AAA has been a frontrunner and advocate for protected mobility.