Illustration: Chen Xia/GT
Just lately, the US Embassy and consulates in China launched its Mission China Public Affairs Part (PAS) Annual Program Assertion on its web site.
This system goals to assist non-governmental organizations (NGOs) together with assume tanks, civil society organizations and people finishing up applications in assist of the civil society, museums, nationwide parks, nature reserves, and neighborhood organizations to hold out actions to unfold American values and improve the understanding of the US among the many Chinese language folks, amongst different goals. The utmost quantity for every award is $30,000.
Li Haidong, a professor on the Institute of Worldwide Relations at China International Affairs College, advised the International Instances that this program is being initiated by the US State Division, below the guise of “public diplomacy” to propagate and infiltrate all elements of China, together with Hong Kong and Macao, and supply funding and switch advantages to “specified people” or “organizations” below the quilt of cultural actions, and should even purpose to instigate a “shade revolution”.
One of many precedence program areas is “applications that amplify or in any other case present a framework for US companies to share American values, together with however not restricted to particular company social duty (CSR) actions in partnership [with] or inside Chinese language communities.”
That is to make use of US firms as a instrument to advertise the American lifestyle and values in China, and the recipients of the grant will be capable of expertise the related strategies in American enterprises, Li mentioned.
One other space within the precedence program areas is “Training, cultural change, and variety and inclusion. These could embrace increasing entry for individuals with disabilities, girls’s empowerment, LGBTQI rights, and the preservation of minority cultures,” it mentioned.
Based on Li, this system, trying from a literal perspective, appears to give attention to human values, pursuits, and rights. However the issue is that subjects together with environmental safety, feminist rights and ethnic minority points are extremely politicized within the US. And this system additionally claimed that it doesn’t assist “Applications regarding partisan political exercise.” Their try to cowl up one thing solely makes the state of affairs relatively apparent, he mentioned.
This system additionally states that it doesn’t assist charitable or developmental actions, which implies the venture shouldn’t be totally free, he added.
Li famous that there are two factors which can be utilized by Individuals which can be worthy of consideration. First, it’s by way of what sort of procedures this system selects the recipients of the funding. The second is what occurred to those folks after receiving funding and collaborating in this system.
Whereas this system tries to emphasise de-politicization, this system itself is run by a political group – the US State Division- which supplies folks a variety of room for affiliation. To place it bluntly, it’s “promoting canine meat as mutton,” Li mentioned.
Crumbling US democracy. Illustration: Liu Rui/GT
True face of US public diplomacy
Whereas this system states that its funding is for tasks that enhance US-China relations and enhances understanding of the US amongst Chinese language folks, the issue is the “public diplomacy” promoted by the US doesn’t serve this function, analysts have mentioned.
The State Division states that “the mission of American public diplomacy is to assist the achievement of US international coverage targets and goals, advance nationwide pursuits, and improve nationwide safety” by “informing and influencing international publics and by increasing and strengthening the connection between the folks and Authorities of the USA and residents of the remainder of the world.”
It is not onerous to search out the observe of this public diplomacy on the social media accounts of the US Embassy in China and the web site run by the Wild Geese workforce, which incorporates workers members of the US State Division.
Written in Chinese language, the Wild Geese workforce blogs communicate extremely of the US and unrealistically elevate its picture. It additionally tailor-made its content material particularly for Chinese language readers
Within the “US Public Diplomacy towards China” thesis by Sean Zohar Keith from the Ohio State College, it cited the US propaganda machine Voice of America (VOA) as a typical profitable instance of US public diplomacy towards China
As we all know, the VOA performed an essential function within the collapse of the previous Soviet Union and was an essential participant within the “shade revolution” in East Europe. If it now performs an essential half in US public diplomacy towards China, does it imply that the US public diplomacy towards China contains “shade revolution?” specialists questioned.
In the identical paper, Keith additionally listed the achievements of US public diplomacy by way of interviewing some Chinese language individuals who participated in these applications.
As Keith put it within the paper, most interviewees maintain a really constructive angle towards the training and cultural change applications offered by the American authorities. Some mentioned their impression towards the US progressively improved as they’d a “misunderstanding” earlier than coming to the US.
The interviewees mentioned these training and cultural applications didn’t have brainwashing components. Specialists identified that such outcomes had an underlying logic: It’s incorrect to have damaging opinions towards the US and the US applications towards China haven’t got the “brainwashing” aspect.
Within the US Help Applications in China (2016) by Congressional Analysis Service, it had the outline that some policymakers argue that “US help actions in China have helped to develop protections of some rights, construct foundations for the rule of regulation and civil society, and bolster reform-minded officers within the PRC authorities.”
It talked about that since 2002, the Worldwide Narcotics Management and Regulation Enforcement account funding has supported a Resident Authorized Advisor, primarily based within the US Embassy in Beijing, to supply experience on US legal regulation and process to Chinese language authorities officers, jurists, and lecturers, and to “promote long-term legal justice reform in China.”
Clearly, it needs judicial reform in China to be like that within the US, specialists mentioned.
It additionally listed the efforts of the US authorities and personal organizations, such because the Dui Hua Basis, which have reportedly helped obtain some progress within the space of legal justice reform in China in recent times.
It is also noticeable that such practices permeated with the opinions of some American NGOs associated to China.
Relating to the Rule of Regulation and environmental applications (Improvement Help and Financial Help Fund Accounts), between 2006 and 2011, Congress allotted Improvement Help account funds for rule of regulation and environmental efforts in China. These applications facilitated US engagement with China bar associations, offered Chinese language college students with authorized coaching, and strove to reinforce the capability of Chinese language regulation schools and judicial establishments, and develop citizen consciousness of the authorized system.
Apart from, the report talked about that it offered $1 million from the ESF account to nongovernmental organizations primarily based exterior China that embrace these fostering democracy in China as their major function, and for actions of NGOs situated exterior China to foster democracy in China.
In 2012, the conferees beneficial $12 million from the ESF account go to US establishments of upper training and NGOs for democracy, governance, rule of regulation and environmental applications in China; an authorised $7.5 million in ESF funds have been to go to NGOs for actions that protect cultural traditions and promote sustainable improvement and environmental conservation within the Tibetan Autonomous Area and different Tibetan communities in China.
The content material in 2012 is just like the content material talked about within the small grants program this time. This system this time additionally specifically talked about the Southwest China.
The report additionally talked about that the US authorities offered $450,000 and $922,000 within the 2006 and 2010 fiscal years respectively, for applications to strengthen Hong Kong political events.
US double requirements
It is noteworthy that the US Consulate Basic in Hong Kong and Macao additionally lists small grant applications.
Analysts identified that along with straight propagandizing Western democracy and its rule of regulation, it usually makes use of the guise of caring for ladies’s, animal. and minority rights to export “shade revolution.”
Nevertheless, what’s behind the demand for “equality” is basically incitement towards extremes.
For instance, the Nationwide Endowment for Democracy likes to fund organizations selling girls’s rights in China.
Nevertheless, these NGOs do not actually promote girls’s rights in China, however use a wide range of social media platforms to advertise excessive rumors like “China is the main nations within the patriarchal violence” and “girls are in a darkish second,” to stoke familial, matrimonial, social, and political system hatred and even ignite a “revolution.” Some have even colluded with Hong Kong and Xinjiang separatists.
Whereas the US blatantly makes use of varied strategies to repurpose NGOs as instruments and platforms for exporting American democratic and societal values and even instigating a “shade revolution,” on the similar time, the US continuously slanders China’s regular tutorial and cultural exchanges as infiltration, interventionist, and even espionage.
For instance, as an establishment that enhances folks’s understanding of the Chinese language language and tradition, Confucius Institutes have for a few years upheld the aim of abiding by the legal guidelines and laws of host nations and have by no means participated in any actions associated to the host nations’ politics, spiritual affiliations, or racial discourse. Because the first Confucius Institute was based in 2004, these institutes have had many achievements in bettering China-US cultural exchanges.
Nevertheless, as with the strain in China-US relations and the rising momentum of American conservatives, some politicians and assume tanks have used absurd causes to assault and smear Confucius Institutes. Consequently, many universities have needed to terminate their cooperation with Confucius Institutes.
In 2020, the then US Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, described the Confucius Institutes as “international mission(s)” and smeared them as “an entity advancing Beijing’s international propaganda and malignant affect.”
Along with Confucius Institutes, the US has additionally used varied strategies to strain journalists from Chinese language information companies within the US.
Final yr, the US designated 15 Chinese language media shops within the US as international missions and expelled greater than 60 Chinese language journalists. It additionally slashed Chinese language journalists’ visa phrases to a most of three months.
The Chinese language International Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying advised a press convention lately that two Chinese language journalists who had utilized for visa extensions final November have nonetheless not been authorised. In order that they needed to cease working this February. When one journalist was pressured to return to China on Could 1, he was interrogated unusually by US border brokers, and his laptop computer amongst different digital units was checked.
Specialists mentioned that on the one hand, the US calls its personal infiltration actions into different nations “freedom,” whereas alternatively, it slanders regular information studies and cultural exchanges of different nations as “infiltration.” It is a hypocritical double customary, and additionally it is a manifestation of America’s weak spot.
Manner of ‘peaceable revolution’
Wang Qiang, a analysis fellow on the Nationwide Defence College, advised the International Instances that completely different from cultural exchanges and worldwide communication actions within the common sense, the small grants applications in public diplomacy are an offensive diplomatic technique. Their funding targets younger people who find themselves extra receptive to American values.
They’re regarded by the US authorities as a pawn for the goal nation and society to advertise American values sooner or later. So long as they’ll affect younger folks, they may also help promote American thought and cultural norms in goal nations in the long term. In spite of everything, it is a approach to a “peaceable revolution,” he mentioned.
Primarily based on his remark, after 2005, the international public diplomacy of the US confirmed apparent indicators of shifting from protection to offense. With the energetic and normalized subject setting, it chosen subjects equivalent to science and training, environmental safety, girls, and cultural tolerance amongst others, which aren’t delicate on the floor, however are subjects that younger folks are likely to care about. They keep away from subjects equivalent to faith and politics that are likely to encourage opposition, and subtly provoke opposition between the goal nation’s society and authorities.
Just lately, the US Embassy in China hosted the “Artwork for the Individuals” graffiti venture.
Wang mentioned that the US encourages younger graffiti lovers to “exhibit their individuality” on this manner. Behind it’s an try to carry younger folks into subjects and content material generated by the US. If the federal government of the goal nation intervenes, such actions may simply be reworked into an antagonistic relationship between the US authorities and the federal government of the goal nation, and the graffiti lovers.
One other instance is the difficulty of animal safety and the safety of girls’s rights. All of them use public goodwill , equivalent to equality, sympathy for the weak, caring for small animals, respecting life, amongst others, to consciously create subjects to information public opinion in direct opposition to the official stances of goal nations. They intentionally elevated the survival of animals above human rights, misinterpreted the equality of women and men because the so-called equal rights of women and men.
The ideas of animal safety and ladies’s rights promoted by the US are incompatible with the tradition and historical past of the goal nation, however are the ideas that the US actively creates for the goal nation. By long-term strategic operations and funding, the US provokes the opposition between society and the federal government.
The general public diplomacy small grants program confirmed that the US Senate’s Strategic Competitors Act of 2021 orders that from 2022 to 2026, there needs to be an annual $300 million to counter China’s “malignant” affect world wide, Shen Yi, a professor at Fudan College in Shanghai, advised the International Instances.
The manipulation of utilizing the $300 million to foster anti-system influencers and activists inside China is a number of the so-called public diplomacy applications by US embassies.
From this system, it may be seen that the US authorities has leaned into its hypocrisy as all the time. As an example, it states this system that helps enhancing China-US relations, particularly Chinese language folks’s understanding towards the US – in one other phrase, it implies that Chinese language folks don’t perceive the US, and the knowledge Chinese language folks have accepted in regards to the US shouldn’t be what the US authorities needs for Chinese language folks to have.
A most direct manner that the US can consider to advertise “peaceable evolution” has been modified from “the decision of worth” to “sprinkling pet food” with cash.
Shen mentioned that you might think about how the US would react if the Chinese language Embassy within the US posted the same announcement on its official web site.
He reminded the US to consider the completely different performances of China and the US on a sequence of points, together with the anti-pandemic response and worldwide cooperation. Are these variations often because the US authorities has not been utilizing sufficient inducements in exporting its American values?
“Is it the truth that the worldwide neighborhood was deceived by ‘pretend information’ as a result of it did not know what was occurring, or the US itself is going through many issues however continues fanning flames as an alternative of looking at itself?” Shen mentioned.