To the Editor:
Prior to now our authorities officers appear to have had a better ethical compass when it got here to public well being and public security. Some previous examples: The Drug-Free Office Act of 1988 (41 U.S.C. 81) which requires federal contractors and all federal grantees to agree that they are going to present drug-free workplaces as a requirement for receiving federal contracts and funds. On December 12, 1989, President Bush signed the Drug-Free Faculties and Communities Act Amendments of 1989, Public Regulation 101-226. Part 22 of the Amendments amends provisions for the Drug-Free Faculties and Communities Act of 1986 and the Larger Schooling Act of 1965 to require that, as a situation of receiving funds or every other type of monetary help below any federal program after Oct. 1, 1990, a college or school should submit certification that it has adopted and carried out a drug prevention program. Now as we speak in 2021 below the new N.Y.S. legislation, it’s authorized for people 21 and older to own and buy as much as three ounces of marijuana. It’s authorized to smoke marijuana wherever in public wherever tobacco smoking is allowed however not inside automobiles, faculties or workplaces.
The brand new legislation has created new situations for police. One of many main adjustments within the legislation is that it prohibits officers from utilizing the odor of marijuana to justify a search of suspects. One other concern that lawmakers wrestled with throughout debate over the invoice is tips on how to cope with impaired drivers. Regulation enforcement officers have mentioned they’re anxious about how officers will have the ability to implement D.U.I. legal guidelines. Not like alcohol, there isn’t any equal to a breathalyzer for marijuana. The brand new legislation gives cash to coach police in drug recognition, and there shall be state-led efforts to develop expertise for detecting marijuana-impaired driving someday sooner or later.
The guiding gentle for these adjustments within the legislation appears to be primarily based upon taxes. Sure, there are taxes. As soon as marijuana gross sales are authorized, in fact, they are often taxed. Cynics would possibly say that is the true purpose state lawmakers and the governor wished to legalize marijuana. State officers undertaking tax revenues of $350 million as soon as the market is absolutely working. Authorized leisure marijuana, together with the growth of the prevailing medical marijuana program and the hemp / hashish / CBD trade, shall be huge enterprise in New York State, advocates say. Some estimates put its worth at as much as $4 billion a 12 months, with a possible to assist 30,000 to 60,000 jobs. A few of that exercise goes to be particularly good for upstate New York enterprise. Farms that develop hashish, together with lots of the new processing services will proceed to be situated upstate.
The one recourse for residents is by Opting Out: the place retail gross sales won’t be allowed in all places. The brand new legislation masking possession and use applies statewide. However cities, cities and villages will have the ability to “choose out” of permitting shops and the brand new “social consumption” websites. Communities could have till the top of 2021 to decide on to choose out, however residents might be able to overturn these selections by way of a referendum. It may create a checkerboard throughout the state, the place marijuana gross sales could also be authorized in a single city and unlawful within the subsequent city over. (That can be the case in among the states that have already got authorized marijuana).
As soon as taxes are collected, 40% of these revenues shall be invested into group reinvestment funds, public faculties, drug therapy services and public schooling most affected by previous drug enforcement. In different phrases, a part of the income collected from legalizing marijuana will go to offer for drug schooling, therapy of drug habit and drug abuse. This to me sounds ludicrous and immoral on so many ranges.