BEIJING (AP) — Some of the anticipated occasions on the Beijing Olympics is the imminent legal hearing in Russian determine skater Kamila Valieva’s doping case.
At stake is Russia’s gold medal within the workforce occasion and the 15-year-old star’s proper to compete within the ladies’s particular person occasion beginning Tuesday.
Courtroom of Arbitration for Sport judges will determine if an interim ban — imposed on Tuesday by the Russian anti-doping company and lifted on attraction sooner or later later by the identical group — have to be re-enforced to take away Valieva from the Olympics.
The venue will likely be a ground-floor convention room on the Continental Grand Lodge in Beijing, close by of the Hen’s Nest stadium.
Attorneys for an alphabet soup of sports activities our bodies will likely be within the room or connecting by video hyperlink from all over the world. The complicated system is obscure. This is an inventory of a number of the companies and what they do.
CAS – Courtroom of Arbitration for Sport
The very best court docket within the Olympic sports activities world based mostly within the Worldwide Olympic Committee’s dwelling metropolis of Lausanne, Switzerland. The IOC began CAS in 1984 to offer unbiased and constant rulings in disputes and appeals for sports activities organizations who acknowledge the court docket’s authority. Most American sports activities professional leagues and faculty sports activities are outdoors the system.
For main occasions such because the Olympics, CAS units up non permanent courts in host cities. A panel of three judges will hear the Valieva case. CAS has 9 judges in Beijing out there for Olympic obligation.
CAS is commonly criticized by athlete teams who say the system is weighted in favor of establishments over athletes. Rulings will be challenged on procedural grounds at Switzerland’s supreme court docket.
Sports activities our bodies, together with the IOC, funded half of CAS income — about 18 million Swiss francs ($19.4 million) — in 2020. The opposite half comes from charges paid by events concerned in instances.
Earlier than he turned IOC president in 2013, Thomas Bach was chairman of the CAS appeals division for 19 years.
RUSADA – Russian Anti-Doping Company
Like all sports activities nations, Russia has an anti-doping company that handles testing and accumulating samples of athletes. RUSADA is attempting to rebuild credibility after the years-long Russian doping scandal that started on the Sochi Video games in 2014.
RUSADA is below particular scrutiny from the World Anti-Doping Company (WADA) as a part of the slate of punishments towards Russia. RUSADA ought to regain full standing when the two-year punishment expires in December.
RUSADA oversaw accumulating samples at Russia’s nationwide determine skating championships in St. Petersburg. Valieva’s pattern taken Dec. 25 examined constructive for the banned heart medication trimetazidine on the WADA-accredited laboratory in Stockholm, Sweden. The lab notified Russian officers of the check Tuesday.
RUSADA provisionally banned Valieva, who appealed. A RUSADA disciplinary panel overturned the ban Wednesday. That procedural resolution is now being challenged in CAS.
CAS is simply ruling on the provisional ban. A separate course of will deal with the total case, and that would take months.
IOC – Worldwide Olympic Committee
The mothership of the Olympics, the IOC delegates accountability to sports activities our bodies and quasi-independent companies that it helps fund from broadcasting and sponsorship revenue. The IOC earned $4.2 billion final yr.
The IOC retains final management of its Video games with Article 58 of the Olympic Constitution stating: “The authority of final resort on any query in regards to the Olympic Video games rests with the IOC.”
The IOC appoints the Worldwide Testing Company in Lausanne to design and handle an anti-doping program for every Olympics.
The IOC has declined to remark straight on particulars of the Valieva case, by means of instructed the International Testing Agency to file the appeal to CAS on its behalf.
ITA – Worldwide Testing Company
Fashioned by the IOC in 2018 due to the Russian scandal. The ITA goals to carry extra consistency to testing athletes and assist keep away from conflicts of curiosity or suspected safety of star athletes by nationwide companies.
The IOC appointed a former French sports activities minister, Valérie Fourneyron, to chair the company, which will get 3.5 million Swiss francs ($3.8 million) yearly from the Olympic motion.
The ITA’s work on the Beijing Olympics contains announcing new positive doping tests and imposing provisional bans on athletes.
The work can continues for as much as 10 years after a contest. The company can determine when to reanalyze saved samples and might reopen instances as new testing strategies are developed.
WADA – World Anti-Doping Company
The Montreal-based company manages the anti-doping rule book and listing of prohibited substances. It additionally funds analysis into new strategies of pattern assortment and testing.
WADA was created in 1999 to harmonize anti-doping with equal funding from sports activities and governments, who take turns getting the presidency. Present chief Witold Banka, a former 400-meter runner, was sports activities minister in Poland when picked in 2019.
The IOC and Olympic motion contributed $18 million towards WADA’s revenue of $37.4 million in 2020. Russia’s contribution was $1 million final yr.
WADA displays how doping instances are dealt with worldwide and might file appeals at CAS towards verdicts it sees as too harsh or lenient. That features RUSADA’s resolution to raise Valieva’s provisional ban.
ISU – Worldwide Skating Union
One of many sports activities governing our bodies which set guidelines of their video games, appoint officers and arrange occasions on the Olympics.
The Lausanne-based ISU additionally has accountability for prosecuting disciplinary instances that comply with when athletes are disqualified on the Olympic Video games
The ISU stated Friday it might be a part of with the IOC’s attraction within the Valieva case.
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